Chinese name: 北京

Pinyin: běi jīng

English name: Beijing

Characters: Originally in oracle bones, the first character 北 is a picture of two standing man facing opposite directions. Now the character simply means the North.

The second character 京 in oracle bones is a picture of a lookout tower. Now the character simply means the capital of a country.

A literal translation of  北京 in English is North capital.