Chinese name: 北京
Pinyin: běi jīng
English name: Beijing
Characters: Originally in oracle bones, the first character 北 is a picture of two standing man facing opposite directions. Now the character simply means the North.
The second character 京 in oracle bones is a picture of a lookout tower. Now the character simply means the capital of a country.
A literal translation of 北京 in English is North capital.